This report assesses the treatment and advancement of women in the Federal Government. MSPB finds that much has changed for the better since its 1992 report “A Question of Equity: Women and the Glass Ceiling in the Federal Government.” For example, women hold an increased proportion of positions in the Senior Executive Service, and fewer women report that they are subjected to discrimination or stereotypes. However, the vision of a workforce in which women are fully represented and utilized has not been wholly achieved. Federal agencies may need to reexamine their approaches to recruitment, work assignment, or leadership development to address contemporary challenges such as continuing occupational differences between women and men. The report outlines recommendations that Federal agencies, managers, and employees can take to promote workplace fairness and the full utilization of all employees.